(精华)2020年9月18日 ASP.NET Core 路由解析详解

公共部分

public class WeatherReport
    {
        private static readonly string[] Conditions = {"晴", "多云", "小雨"};
        private static readonly Random Random = new Random();
        public string City { get; }
        public IDictionary<DateTime, WeatherInfo> WeatherInfos { get; }

        public class WeatherInfo
        {
            /// <summary>
            /// 天气状况
            /// </summary>
            public string Condition { get; set; }

            /// <summary>
            /// 最高温度
            /// </summary>
            public double HighTemperature { get; set; }

            /// <summary>
            /// 最低温度
            /// </summary>
            public double LowTemperature { get; set; }
        }

        public WeatherReport(string city, int days)
        {
            City = city;
            WeatherInfos = new Dictionary<DateTime, WeatherInfo>();
            for (var i = 0; i < days; i++)
                WeatherInfos[DateTime.Today.AddDays(i + 1)] = new WeatherInfo
                {
                    Condition = Conditions[Random.Next(0, 2)],
                    HighTemperature = Random.Next(20, 30),
                    LowTemperature = Random.Next(10, 20)
                };
        }
    }

路由的解析和view页面返回

public static class Sample01
{
    private static readonly Dictionary<string, string> Cities = new Dictionary<string, string>
    {
        ["010"] = "北京",
        ["027"] = "武汉"
    };

    public static void Run()
    {
        // const string template = @"weather/{city:regex(^{0\d{{2,3}}$)}/{days:int:range(1,4)}"; 
        const string template = @"weather/{city}/{days}"; 
        //const string template = @"weather/{city?}/{days?}"; 
        //const string template = @"weather/{city=010}/{days=4}"; 
        Host.CreateDefaultBuilder()
            .ConfigureWebHostDefaults(builder => builder
                .ConfigureServices(csv => csv.AddRouting())
                .Configure(app => app
                    .UseRouting()
                    .UseEndpoints(endpoints => endpoints.MapGet(template, WeatherForecast))))
            .Build()
            .Run();
    }

    public static async Task WeatherForecast(HttpContext context)
    {
        var city = (string) context.GetRouteData().Values["city"];
        city = Cities[city];
        var days = int.Parse(context.GetRouteData().Values["days"].ToString() ?? string.Empty);
        var report = new WeatherReport(city, days);
        await RendWeatherAsync(context, report);
    }
        //public static async Task WeatherForecast(HttpContext context)
        //{
        //    var routeValues = context.GetRouteData().Values;
        //    // 默认值 010
        //    var city = routeValues.TryGetValue("city", out var v1) ? (string) v1 : "010";
        //    city = Cities[city];
        //    // 默认值 4
        //    var days = routeValues.TryGetValue("city", out var v2) ? int.Parse(v2.ToString() ?? string.Empty) : 4;

        //    var report = new WeatherReport(city, days);
        //    await RendWeatherAsync(context, report);
        //}

		//public static async Task WeatherForecast(HttpContext context)
        //{
        //    var city = (string) context.GetRouteData().Values["city"];
        //    city = Cities[city];
        //    var days = int.Parse(context.GetRouteData().Values["days"].ToString() ?? string.Empty);
        //    var report = new WeatherReport(city, days);
        //    await RendWeatherAsync(context, report);
        //}

    private static async Task RendWeatherAsync(HttpContext context, WeatherReport report)
    {
        context.Response.ContentType = "text/html;charset=utf-8";
        await context.Response.WriteAsync("<html><head><title>天气</title></head><body>");
        await context.Response.WriteAsync($"<h3>{report.City}</h3>");
        foreach (var (key, value) in report.WeatherInfos)
        {
            await context.Response.WriteAsync($"{key:yyyy-MM-dd}:");
            await context.Response.WriteAsync(
                $"{value.Condition}({value.LowTemperature}℃ ~ {value.HighTemperature}℃)<br/><br/> ");
        }

        await context.Response.WriteAsync("</body></html>");
    }
}
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